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[Solved] bin/magento: Permission denied

Last Updated on 20th May, 2024 | Magento

bash: bin/magento: permission denied

What Does bash: bin/magento: permission denied Error Mean?

The bash: bin/magento: Permission denied error is one of the most common issues faced by Magento developers and administrators. This error occurs when the operating system blocks the execution of the bin/magento script due to insufficient permissions.

Why Does bash: bin/magento: permission denied Error Occur?

This error generally happens because the bin/magento file does not have execute permissions. Every file on a UNIX-like operating system (Linux, macOS) has a set of permissions that determine who can read, write, or execute the file. If the execute permission is not set for the user trying to run the file, the system will deny access, resulting in the Permission denied error.

How to Fix bash: bin/magento: permission denied Error

Step 1: Open the Terminal

First, you need to open the terminal or shell on your server. You can do this through an SSH connection if you’re working on a remote server.

Step 2: Navigate to the Magento Root Directory

Use the cd command to navigate to the root directory of your Magento installation. This is typically where the bin directory is located.

cd /path/to/your/magento/root

Step 3: Change File Permissions

To fix the permission issue, you need to add execute permissions to the bin/magento file. You can do this using the chmod command.

chmod +x bin/magento
The +x flag adds execute permissions for the user.

Step 4: Verify the Permissions

After running the chmod command, you can verify that the permissions have been correctly set by using the ls -l command.

ls -l bin/magento

You should see something like this:

-rwxr-xr-x 1 user group size date bin/magento
The x in the permission string (rwxr-xr-x) indicates that the file has execute permissions.

Step 5: Run the Magento Command

Now that the permissions have been set, you can try running the Magento command again.

bin/magento setup:upgrade

If everything is set up correctly, the command should execute without any permission errors.

Alternative Solutions

Prepend PHP to the Command

If changing the file permissions doesn’t resolve the issue for some reason, you can try running the command by prepending it with php.

php bin/magento setup:upgrade

This method can sometimes bypass permission issues by executing the script through the PHP interpreter directly.

Check Ownership

Ensure that the bin/magento file is owned by the correct user. If the file is owned by another user, you might encounter permission issues.

chown owner:group bin/magento
Replace owner and group with the appropriate user and group names.

Preventive Measures

Set Correct Permissions During Installation

When installing Magento, ensure that the correct permissions are set from the beginning. Follow Magento’s official guidelines for setting file and directory permissions.

Use a Deployment Script

Automate the process of setting permissions using a deployment script. This script can ensure that the correct permissions are always applied whenever you deploy or update your Magento installation.

Regularly Check Permissions

Make it a habit to regularly check and verify file permissions, especially after updates or changes to the server environment.

Final Thoughts

The “bash: bin/magento: permission denied” error in Magento 2 is caused by restrictive file permissions that prevent executing the bin/magento CLI script. It can be fixed by setting the right permissions on bin/magento, running commands as the owner user, disabling SELinux, or using sudo. Automating permission management based on Magento best practices is highly recommended to avoid this issue in production stores proactively. Carefully checking and setting file permissions is key to resolving the “bash: bin/magento: permission denied Error” in Magento 2.

Frequently Asked Questions

What causes the “permission denied” error when running Magento CLI?

This is mainly caused by the bin/Magento file having restrictive permissions that do not allow execution or by running CLI commands as a user other than the owner.

How do I enable executing the bin/magento file?

Use chmod 755 bin/magento to set read, write and execute permissions.

Do I need to grant execute permissions to the entire magento folder?

No, permissions should be restrictive based on necessity. Only the bin and pub/static folders need execution enabled.

What permission value is recommended for folders and files?

755 for folders, 644 for files. The permissions should also be recursively inherited.

Can SELinux cause a “Permission denied” error for Magento CLI?

Yes, SELinux policies can block access to bin/magento. Temporarily disabling SELinux or customizing policies can fix this.

How can I automate the file permissions setting for Magento?

Use Magento’s File Permissions script and tools like Midnight Commander, or create a custom script to reset ideal permissions regularly.